Droughts can have an impact on our everyday lives. Here are some precautionary measures you can take in your house:
- Save water. Repair all the faucets that drip, and fix any leaks in the pipes in the household. This will not only save more than 100 hundred gallons per week, but will also reduce the water bill.
- Try to collect as much rainwater as you can. This collected rainwater can later be used for watering plants. It is not advisable to drink rainwater though. However, it can be used for bathing purposes once boiled.
- Take shorter baths and showers. A lot of water is wasted when the shower is left turned on. It is advisable to wash quickly and to only use water to wet and rinse off your body. Bathing small children together would also save water.
- Do not waste water while brushing teeth. Water should only be used to rinse the mouth and to wet the toothbrush. Again, let children brush their teeth together.
- Use dishwashers and washing machines for fully loads only. If the dishes need to be hand washed, do not use running water; instead wash the dishes using water in tubs.
- Do not flush tissues. Instead, throw them in the trash.
- Do not waste water while waiting for hot water. Instead, collect and save it. This water can then be used to wash the dishes, or to water the plants.
- To prepare your lawn for a drought, plant flowers and shrubs with similar watering needs together. This helps in reducing water wasted. Also, remember to take care of the weed in your lawn; weeds also take up the water when competing with other plans.
These are some of the methods by which you can prepare your household for droughts. Another way to prepare for the drought is to have a grey water system installed. Second Generation Water Solutions are the local specialists in laundry to landscape conversions, and make the installing of grey water systems really easy. This helps in recycling and reusing the grey water.
Water is life, but the climate changes is putting the resource in danger. And these climatic changes are causing droughts which have drastic effects, and can have significant impact on the environment, agriculture, health, and socioeconomics of the region.
They have visible and short term consequences; some of which are given below:
- Plants start dying to lack of water, which cause dryness of vegetation in the region
- The water bodies dry up, and there is a decline in volume of water in streams and rivers
- The water in reservoirs also decreases, which causes the water levels in reservoirs to drop
- Increase of depth to water in wells
- Crop growth is also decreased due to lack of irrigation
- Dust bowls and dust storms occur, which cause further erosion in the region
However, droughts also have some drastic long-term effects:
- They can cause the gradual or sudden sinking of the Earth’s surface. This happens due to the movement of the Earth’s materials in the subsurface when the groundwater resources are depleted. Loss of groundwater storage can also be caused due to this. This is known as land subsidence.
- Seawater intrusion is another long-term consequence of droughts. This occurs when there is a reversal of natural groundwater flows to the ocean, due to which seawater enters aquifer system. Because of this, the quality of groundwater is changed and compromised.
- The restoration projects for rivers and wildlife can also be decreased because of droughts.
- Dry vegetation, dry weathers, and dry climates can cause wildfires instantly when there is a spark – either by humans or by nature.
The droughts can change the lifestyle and habitat of a region completely, if not taken care of properly. We can do our part to fight California’s terrible drought. Second Generation Water Solutions has introduced the Laundry to Landscape System (L2L), which can help reuse and route the grey water of our households to your landscape. This will not only save water, but will also recharge the local water table of the region.
A drought is described as a long period when a region faces drier-than-normal conditions, and has a deficiency in its water supply. It can be declared after as few as two weeks, and can last up to years.
Droughts can be caused by a few reasons. It happens when a region receives less than normal rainfall for a long duration or has below average precipitation. A dry season which has very low humidity can also cause droughts. However, those are not the only reasons. A drought can also be caused by the overuse of water and overpopulation in a region where the water is consumed. Excessive farming, irrigation, erosion, deforestation are the human activities which can impact the ability of the land to hold water. Such activities also result in global climate change, which trigger droughts throughout the world.
There are more than 150 published definitions of drought. These were then grouped into four basic approaches: atmospheric, hydrological, agricultural, and socioeconomic. While the first three types of droughts are considered as a physical phenomenon, the last type deals with it as an economic problem of supply and demand.
An atmospheric or meteorological drought occurs when there is a prolonged period with less than normal precipitation. A hydrological drought occurs when there is reduced streamflow or groundwater levels. These droughts show up slowly as the stored water in the ground is not replenished after it is used. An agricultural drought happens when soil conditions and erosion occurs because of poorly planned agricultural activities which cause reduction in water available for the crops. A socioeconomic drought occurs when the demand for water is not supplied. An example of this is excessive irrigation.
Droughts can be triggered by a number of reasons, and can be of different types. However, all of them have one thing in common: They have drastic affects on the region. To minimize and fight these effects, and to take precautions to prevent droughts, 2G (Second Generation) Water Solutions is helping average homeowners do their part to help fight the West’s drought!